minimize, Reuse, Recycle, Fix, Refuse


You know about the three Rs and how important they are. Reducing the total of items we own and the total of trash we create, suggests much less stuff will end up in the garbage. Reusing what we can gives our items another life and helps to keep them out of the trash. Recycling takes a wide array of stuff and puts them to good use, helping the economy, creating jobs and producing new products. You may have the mantra of “reduce, reuse and recycle” down, but there are more Rs you can add to your routine.

Just Say No

Refuse! Bringing a reusable shopping bag is a great way to cut back on how much you end up with. A big part of living a zero trash lifestyle is refusing what you do not need. What else can you refuse? Remove yourself from junk mail lists to cut back on paper.

Borrow, Don’t Buy

Be mindful of the life cycle of any item you purchase or acquire. Where did it come from and where will it go? There are tons of options for borrowing and sharing to help minimize how much stuff you own. Choose to reuse as much as you can.

The sharing economy is larger than ever. Access a wide wide array of items and services only when you need them. If you need books, movies or magazines, visit your neighborhood library. You can even put together your own little free library in your neighborhood. Toys and games take up lots of space and are commonly non-recyclable. Try using a resource like the toy sharing library in your area or put together a hand-me-down network. Instead of giving gifts that someone won’t use or need, provide experiential gifts that create fun memories, not trash.

Choose to Fix-it

When items become worn or stop working, they commonly end up in the trash. By fixing and maintaining the items in our homes, we can keep them functioning longer. This way, you will have other options, like donation or resale, instead of adding them to the trash stream. Bring your items to county fix-it clinics for help or use online Fix resources. You can even borrow the tools you need from neighborhood resources like the Minnesota Tool Library.


Extend the life-cycle of an item you may no longer need by selling or donating it. Networks like Nextdoor allow you to interact with other users in your neighborhood to communicate and exchange items and services. Craigslist and Facebook also have ways to sell your items and buy used items online. For safety’s sake, it’s recommended to only deal with people locally and use sanctioned exchange locations, like the swap meet.


By refusing and repairing, you make it much easier to minimize items you don’t need and reuse items you already have. Always look for more ways to minimize and keep working to create much less trash and make sure your items are recycled as much as possible. Do a zero trash challenge or trash audit. Are there items you could do without? Commit to your decision to minimize, reuse, recycle, Fix, refuse, and review by sharing your story. Be proud of your achievements!